Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a condition in which clusters or groupings of water-like fluid cysts develop in the kidneys. Although the cysts are typically contained within and affect only the kidneys, they can develop elsewhere within the body as well. High blood pressure is the greatest risk factor leading to polycystic kidney disease. The condition can ultimately lead to kidney failure. People with this condition have varying symptoms and degrees of the disorder. High blood pressure, an enlarged abdomen, back or side pain, headaches, frequent urination and kidney stones are among the common symptoms. Treatment options are available to control polycystic kidney disease depending on the patient’s signs, symptoms and complications associated with the condition.